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How to Develop Proper Dining Etiquette
USE AND PLACEMENT OF DINING UTENSILS
of Dining Utensils
haven’t dined with co-workers or employers, chances are they will at one point
in their professional career. It is hard to determine exactly how the place
setting will appear. The following are guidelines that will help ensure proper
use of dining utensils for any place setting.
farthest utensil from the plate and work in.
utensil for each course.
Use one of
two methods when using the fork and knife:
Knife in right hand, fork in left hand holding food. After a few bite-sized
pieces of food are cut, place knife on edge of plate with blades facing in. Eat
food by switching fork to right hand (unless left handed).
Knife in right hand, fork in left hand. Eat food with fork still in
-- Commonly the only spoon provided for the initial place setting. Located
on the outer right.
-- Provided for the salad and may have thicker tines. Located on the outer
Provided for the main course of the meal. Located on the inner left.
Provided for the main course of the meal. Located on the inner right.
Spoon and Fork – If provided in initial place setting, they are located
above the plate. Or they may be brought out with dessert.
DO’S AND DON’TS WHILE DINING
Observing - In order to prevent embarrassing mistakes, take a note of what others at the
table are doing.
napkin -- When the host places napkin in his/her lap, then the guests
may do the same. If the napkin is small, then unfold it completely. If the
napkin is large, then fold in half and place length-wise across lap. If
the need to leave the table during the meal exists, place napkin on chair.
It is all right to ask the server any questions about the menu. The server
may indicate which order will be taken first. If not, then if dining with
an employer, he/she may suggest whose order will be taken first. Since being
a guest at the table, don’t take advantage of the host’s generosity by
ordering the most expensive items on the menu, or ordering more than one
During the Meal
settings, wait until everyone has been served to begin eating meal.
Do not ask
for a doggy bag in formal situations.
Do not order
Do not smoke
when dining out.
Do not slurp
soup from a spoon. Spoon the soup away from the body and sip it from the
side of the spoon. If soup is too hot to eat, let it sit until it cools; do
not blow on it.
If not able
to reach something on the table, politely ask the person closest to the item
to pass it.
Do not blow
nose at the table – politely ask to be excused and head to the restroom.
Do not chew
is very important. Do not lean forward on the table, and do not lean too
far back in the chair. Sit up straight with hands on lap or wrists on the
edge of the table.
can always occur, so try not to draw attention to them if possible:
piece of food drops off the plate onto the table, then pick it up and place
it on the edge of the plate with one of the eating utensils.
spills or something gets caught between teeth, then ask to be
excused from the table and get to a restroom.
silverware or the napkin is dropped and it is not able to be reached, let
the server know and ask for a new one. If able to reach it, then pick it up
and ask the server for a new one.
After the Meal
setting -- After finishing a meal, leave plate where it is and lay fork and
knife side by side and diagonally across plate. The knife should have the
sharp side of blade facing inward and the fork should have tines down.
-- Only leave the table if there is an emergency.
-- Let the host know that the meal and invitation are appreciated.
MOST COMMON MISTAKES
hair, earrings, and touching head.
plate/bowl when finished.
keys, eyeglasses, cell phones on table.
phones/pagers going off.
food in mouth.
Chewing with mouth